Christian Mestre is senior research fellow at the Charhar Institute and Professor at the College of Europe since 1993. His research interests include the European building, institutional problems, agricultural policy, and social and economic cohesion policy.
Democracy is an integral part of the values upheld by the European Union. However, from the outset, the European Union would suffer from a "democratic deficit" and even become an obstacle to the democratic functioning of the Member States. Brexit supporters took advantage of this argument in the recent referendum in the United Kingdom. Whether founded or not, this argument makes it necessary to reflect on what, what could be, what a democratic European Union should be. Through three complementary parts, the book defines:
• The democratic nature of the European Union, including the powers granted to the European Parliament;
• Democracy in the Member States, more numerous to defend an authoritarian conception of power;
• The paths for a re-founding of the European Union's political system, particularly following the Brexit.